|Purported image of Bouhlel, who killed|
84 people in Nice, France, Thursday
Credit: L'ALSACE/MAXPPP VIA ZUMA PRESS
Bouhlel, born in Tunisia, had reportedly been relatively non-religious leading up to the attack, though the Islamic State (IS) has claimed Bouhlel as a "soldier" of the terrorist group. The word "soldier" used in IS media elicits doubt that the attack was directed by IS, leading some to believe that Bouhlel acted as a lone wolf, radicalized but not directed by IS. The Islamic State used the same language to describe Omar Mateen, who killed 49 in an attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida.